UNESCO World Heritage Site: Zollverein Coal Mining Industrial Complex: #01 - Shaft 1/2/8

adalger @adalger
· October 2019 · 4 min read · Germany · #ocdb

Hello lovely Steemians !

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I would like to present to you the Zollverein Coal Mine Industrial Complex (“Zeche Zollverein”). This huge complex is located in Essen, North Rhine-Westphalia, in Germany. The complex inscribed in the year 2001 in the UNESCO list of World Heritage Sites. You can roughly divide the whole complex, which is the largest on of its kind in Europe, into three parts. Those are the Coal Mine Shaft 1/2/8 (since 1847), the Coal Mine Shaft 12 (since 1932) and the Coking Plant (since 1961). I would like to show to you all of those location. However, as those will feature more than 100 pictures I will divide it into several post for the sake of readability, which I will sort chronological. This posts topic is the Coal Mine Shaft 1/2/8. It is a relative small part of the whole complex but still has its charm.

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Coal Mine Shaft 1/2/8

1847 to 1890

The founder of the Zollverein Coal Mine is the industrialist Franz Haniel (1779–1868). Thereby the name of the mining complex derives from the German Customs Union, “Zollverein”, which was founded in the year 1834. In 1847, he began to sink the first shaft, Shaft 1, up to 130 m deep into the ground where it started its activity in the year 1851. Just one year later, the second shaft, Shaft 2, was constructed. One mentionable feature is that both shafts were sharing the same machine house. Several years later, they opened another shaft, Shaft 3, in a neighboring district and already in the year 1890, those achieved an output of one million tons coal. Thus, the Zollverein Coal Mine grew to the most productive mines of whole Germany.

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1890 to 1932

At the transition from the 19th to the 20th century the coal, iron and steel industry started to flourish in Germany, which led to a huge extension of the whole complex. Thus, they opened Shaft 4 and Shaft 5, another twin-shaft coalmine and Shaft 6 in the time from 1891 to 1897 in a neighboring district and they build Shaft 7 in 1899 to form a twin-shaft coalmine with Shaft 3. This pattern was elongates continuously Additional twin-shaft coalmines Shaft 8 and 9 were built in 1900 and 1905 and also Shaft 10 and Shaft 11 in 1914 and 1927. At the end of World War I in 1918 the whole output of the Zollverein Mining Complex was estimated to 2.5 million tons. In 1920, the Haniel family started to cooperate with the Phoenix AG and modernized all their shafts. Then in 1927, The Zollverein Coal Mining complex became part of the “Gelsenkirchener Bergwerks AG (GBAG).

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Nowaday the Shaft 1/2/8 became the home of artists which specialise in industrial art. It is also a place which hosts several dance courses and a famous. Thus it quickly became an artist house, platform for contemporary dance and performance and is known for its groundbreaking developments in dance, performance, theater, media and visual arts. I am no expert in those things, but I put a link to the "Pact" in the supporting Informations for those who are interested. There was no show there at the time when I visited, but I put a picture from the internet so you can get an impression. It is the International Summer Urban Dance Battle.

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NRW Culture: International Summer Urban Dance Battle

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One place at Shaft 1/2/8 that I really liked, was the railroad connection to Shaft 12. These old rusty tracks have a crazy flair and I directly walked along the overpass twice. I really enjoyed it ^^

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For the end of this post about the Shaft 1/2/8, my first entry about the Zollverein Coal Mine Industrial Complex, I have this original pit wheel and drillinge head for you.

Supporting Information


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If you want to know more about me, just look up my Introduceyourself post or follow my blog ^^

Wenn Ihr mehr über mich erfahren wollt, dann schaut euch doch meinen Introduceyourself Post an oder folgt meinem Blog ^^

Learn more about @adalger by clicking here !!


Best wishes
Adalger


Topics: OCDBPHOTOGRAPHYHISTORY

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