Ancient Greece and Ancient Rome. Istanbul

Irem @rosy440
· May 2018 · 8 min read · Turkey · #art

 Hi friends!   

Marble sculpture Of kurosa from the Shadow. Kuros is the image of a naked young man in the archaic era. Homer young men were called Kouros. Analogue names women's - bark. Dates back to the 6th century BC.

It is difficult to imagine our world without the art of Antiquity. Ancient Greece and Ancient Rome left behind beautiful works that are scattered in different museums around the world. The Istanbul Museum has a gallery of the Ancient world. Today we will spend time in this fascinating place. We will find out what sculptures you can see in the archaeological Museum.

Head of a Kouros. Dates back to the 6th century BC archaic Era

The traditions of Ancient Greece and Ancient Rome are primarily humanism, which combined moral and cultural values.

Marble statue of a standing crust. Rhodes. Dates back to the 6th century BC archaic Era

Very interesting Greek sculptors who made man an object of his art. Harmonious combination of body and soul, upland and manifestation of perfection. The Greeks created a generalized image of a person who is full of positive emotions, virtue, heroism and beauty. Individual portrait art was created in Ancient Rome. I think that without the influence of the Greeks Rome could not have created such a brilliant art. It is unfortunate that the names of Roman portrait sculptors, who were among the originators, have not survived.

Marble statue of the goddess of war and wisdom of Athens. The City Of Leptis Magna, Libya. Dates back to the 5th century BC.

Sculptures of Ancient Greece are magnificent. Forms, plastics, volume and dynamism were the main priorities for the masters. It should be noted that the Greeks did not separate sculpture from architecture. Even more architecture they perceived as a sculptural group. The poetic way of thinking of Greeks led to a variety and fullness of sculptural compositions. Knowledge of the world with the help of mythology made the work very vivid and sensual. The world of images was filled with gods and centaurs, there were Gorgons and magnificent human images that defeated fantastic monsters. Roman sculptors did not rely on poetic and mythological aspects. Prosaic and sober thinking, a clear attitude to reality - these are the main features of the Roman.

Marble relief with chariot. The era of antiquity. 6th century BC

Time (7-6 century BC), when the formation of the art of Ancient Greece - is the era of archaic. This is a time of subtle and peculiar poetry. Curled curls and beautiful patterns in clothes like to portray sculptors and artists at this time. Colorful and exquisite clothing Navalis from the Eastern civilized countries. This period is also characterized by the movement of figures. Wizard trying to make their creations distinctive dynamics. During this period, was created by the goddess Nike, the Gorgon Medusa. In an era archaic peculiar heights reaches Hellenic sculpture.

Marble funerary stele from the island of Thasos. Dates back to 470-460 BC.

Marble funerary stele. Phrygia. Dates back to the 5th century BC.

Limestone block with ceremony musicians and wrestlers. Xanthos. The era of antiquity. 6th century BC

Marble grave stele "Farewell". Dates back to the 5th century BC Amisus

Marble lion from the mausoleum. The Halicarnassus. Dates back to the 4th century BC.

Marble head of Alexander the great. Pergamum. Dates from the first half of the 2nd century BC Hellenistic period

This replica is based on a portrait of the famous Greek artist Lysippus. Earlier the Greeks adorned the eyes with stones or covered with paint. In this form, as it is now, faceless eyes look very scary. Loved the marble of Alexander the Great haircut.

Marble sculpture of hermaphrodite. Pergamum. Dates back to the 3rd century BC Hellenistic period

Marble grave stele from Attica. Dates back to the 4th century BC.

Marble statue of young athlete Efeb. The City Of Aydin. Dates back to the first century BC. Early Roman period

Sculptors of Ancient Rome were unique in their work. Expressive sculptural portraits carried the truth of life, turning into naturalism. More and more sculptors are interested in female beauty, more sensual and tender.

Marble sculpture of the God of healing and medicine Asclepius. This is a copy of the sculpture of the 5th century BC Hellenistic period. KOs island

And it all began with Etruscan traditions. They gave impetus to the emergence of a Roman portrait. There was no mystery in the portraits. The most important thing is to transfer the appearance of a person, such as he is in fact. The frankness of the transfer of the image of a person even sometimes scares. But artists and sculptors do not stop before the features of old age and ugliness. We can assume that Etruscan art becomes an intermediate between Greek and Roman.

Marble statues of the goddess of love and beauty Aphrodite. 3-2 century BC.

The Romans depicted married couples on the tombstones. It is worth noting that for the Romans sculpture was as natural as for us photography in our time.

Marble caryatids. Aydin. Dates back to the first century BC. Early Roman period

Rome becomes an Empire. The sculpture gallery is filled with images of emperors. This Imperial art multiplied that unprecedented realism which arose before in the Roman portrait. Roman sculptors from the Greeks learned a tremendous possession of the stone. But the Romans did not stand still. They have mastered new techniques of stone processing. The use of the drill helps to create complex volumes and play of light and shadow. Curly hair, unusual cut clothes and skin effect on polished stone are created.

This statue I was for a long time. She is beautiful and perfect! It is a marble sculpture of Cornelia Antonia from Pisidia. Dates from the 2nd century BC the Dynasty of Anthony. Roman period

The right traits and tenderness, beauty and grace, the simplicity and clarity. Many associations are caused by this sculpture. From the presented exposition-this is my favorite. The statue belongs to the early Hellenistic period. Asia minor, the sculptor subtly and masterfully conveys the femininity and harmony. Neatly laid out hair that is covered with a piece of apparel. Clothing seems very gossamer, even it is difficult to imagine, that this marble. Beautiful facial features and perfect image-it's just a goddess! The woman's name is carved on the bottom of the stand.

    Cornelia - one of the most famous genera of Ancient Rome

Marble sculpture of the goddess of forests, hunting and the moon-Artemis. This is a copy of a sculpture of the 5th century BC Lesbos. Roman period

Artemis - goddess of mythology of ancient Greeks. The Romans identified with Diana.

Marble statue of Marcia. Roman period. Dates back to the 3rd century BC.

From Marsyas, a Phrygian Satyr, the plight of the flutist. His argument with God Apollo led him to death. Apollo skinned Marcia and hung it on a pine tree. A lot of ancient sculptors empathized with the fate of Marsyas. The statue of Marsyas is a way of freedom. In the markets and in Roman colonies were often placed at this sculpture Marsyas.

Marble erotes in the scene of cockfights. Date back to the 2nd century. Roman period

Marble sculpture of the God of the seas Poseidon. Dates back to the first century BC. Early Roman period

    Poseidon-the Supreme sea God in the mythology of Ancient Greece

Marble sculpture of Emperor Nero. Dates back to the first century BC.

Look at the picture on the armor in the form of griffins. And below the circumference of the armor with different symbols. Sorry, no head...

Marble statue of a woman. Dates back to the second century ad. Rome

Interesting marble hairstyle of an ancient woman. How many master had to "twist" of marble such curls.

Marble copy of Alcamene pillar of Hermes.

    Albumen - known Greek sculptor of the second half of the 5th century BC

    In the mythology of Ancient Greece Hermes acts as the God of trade and protector of all travelers. Such pillars were called Hermes and were installed on the roads. Sculptors from the front side of the column did not forget to squeeze the phallus, which acts as a symbol of fertility. In the photo below you can see it.

Marble head of the famous Greek poet Sappho. Izmir. Copy. Rome

Plato Sappho (or Sappho) was called the tenth Muse. Horace imitated her style, Catullus was doing translations of her poems. Ovid sang of her as a woman with a heavy destiny. She paid dearly for the confession. In those days, wisdom was one:

    The best woman is the woman who is least talked about.

She was the first woman to come out of the shadows. For this society doused it with dirt in life. It was impossible for a woman to go beyond and show her courage. People sang the songs of Sappho and absolutely not interested at that time who had written them. They just became popular. While the literature is gaining momentum works, but nobody is engaged in their learning, i.e., history. In this era, the creative personality hides behind his work. Come only the first moments awareness of its individuality.

Be sure to visit the archaeological Museum in Istanbul. It will be a pleasant journey into history.

  Photo taken on the iPhone 6S+




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