At the beginning of the XVIII century it was a rivulet flowing from the overgrown marsh at the Mars field. In distant times it was called Mia, in Finnish - "dirt", hence the name - Moika. There is another version of the name of the river. Once upon a time on its banks stood the baths in which the townspeople were bathing.
During the construction of the Summer Garden, it was decided to make the garden an island. The river Mugh was cleaned, dug the canal to Fontanka, the banks were dressed in a tree, and then in granite.
The length of the river is 4.67 kilometers, the width is up to 40 meters, the maximum depth is up to 3.2 meters. Through the river 15 bridges are thrown, each of which has its own history.
Here it is, the very first bridge across the Moika-1 st Engineering Bridge, which is a continuation of the Fontanka embankment. Behind the bridge, on the left bank Mikhailovsky Castle, and on the left - the Summer Garden. Right in front of the bridge, closer to the water, there is a monument to Chizhik-Pyzhik.
From this bridge to the next, 1-st Garden, very close. This bridge connects parts of Sadovaya street. There are gardens on all sides: the square at the Engineering Castle and the Mikhailovsky Garden, and on the left is the Summer Garden and the Field of Mars.
Between the 1st and 2nd Garden Bridge, the River Festival was held recently.
The 2 nd Garden Bridge connects Tsaritsynsky Proezd with the passage along the Mars Field. On the left is the famous Church of the Savior on Spilled Blood. And tourists go here all the time. On the bridge there are installed unusual lanterns, and floor lamps in the form of ligaments of spades.
Ahead is the Little-Stabled Bridge, which is included in the unique bridge composition "Triple Bridge", the idea of creation of which belongs to K. Rossi. The Griboedov Canal and the Moika River are connected here. This bridge is the direct path to the Church of the Savior on the Blood. And behind the bridge, to the left begins a long building of the former Main Imperial Stables, which stretch to the next bridge. This bridge is pedestrian, cobblestone, and traffic on it is prohibited.
At last the houses begin to appear on the right. Land in these places has long been very expensive, so only eminent and rich people could afford to build here, such as the Stroganovs, Yusupovs, Razumovsky. It is their palaces that decorate the embankment of the Moika.
But the next one is the Great Stable Bridge, it is clear why it is so called. By the way, there is a bridge to the Great Konyushennaya Street. And there's Malaya Konyushennaya, Konyushennaya Square and Konyushenny Lane. In short, here everything is stable ...
I walk along the Moika Embankment, watch constantly cruising excursion boats and boats. I hear the brisk stories of guides. Then every house is a monument, almost every famous person lived, only manage to turn your head.
Here motor ships with difficulty, slowly turn into the Winter groove, which connects the Moika with the Neva. Who really justifies his name, having a length of only 228 meters and a width of about 20 meters. The Winter Grove was dug in 1718-1720 and got its name from the nearby Winter Palace of Peter the Great.
Quite far it is necessary to go to the Pevchesky Bridge, which is a continuation of the Palace Square. This is the fourth-wide bridge in St. Petersburg, its width is 72.18 meters. Here and people go, and parking of cars, and the machines themselves now and then cross it.
On the embankment of the Moika is the Philharmonic, with numerous courtyards, the Chapel.
This bridge has an unusual cast-iron grille. There is a whole bouquet of attractions: the Winter Palace, the General Staff building, the Alexander Column.
But the most famous place thanks to which the Moika is known for the whole world is the Pushkin Museum-Apartment. Embankment of the Moika River house 12. From here on January 27, 1837, he went to a duel with Dantes and brought him deadly wounded, and on January 29 at 2:45 in this apartment A.S. Pushkin died.
Having gone along the long building of the General Staff, past the former apartment houses and houses of wealthy nobles, finally, we leave on Nevsky Prospekt.
Green bridge, I think everyone understands why the bridge is so called, connects parts of Nevsky Prospekt.
On the left, behind the bridge are the Stroganov Palace, built by the famous Italian Rastrelli, and immediately behind him the building of the University. AI Herzen, the former Stroganov Palace, built according to the Wallen-Delamot project.
On the right is the house of the merchant Kotomin, in which, at the beginning of the nineteenth century, there was a confectioner's shop of S. Wolf and T. Beranger, the same one in which Pushkin came in before the duel.
So I went only a quarter of the way, on which the river Moika runs. Let's look back, look at the Moika, than not Venice.
On this my walk ends, I'm tired, although there are so many famous architectural monuments that I need a couple more walks.
Thanks to everyone who has had the patience to come with me.